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### Lorentz transformation

A Lorentz transformation describes the transition from one spacetime to another which moves with a constant speed relative to the first one.

##### Explanation

The primed frame *t', x', y', z'* is seen from the unprimed frame *t, x, y, z* as moving with speed *v* along the *x-*axis.

( t, x, y, z)x-axis→v( t', x', y', z')

The most common form of the transformations is expressed as

where *t, x, y, z* and *t', x', y', z'* are the coordinates of an event in two frames, and *c* is the speed of light, and *γ* is the Lorentz factor.

##### Additional information

The Dutch physicist Hendrik Lorentz (1853 - 1928) is known for these transformations.