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0 (zero)

There has been discussion for centuries about whether or not the digit 0 is a number. Nowadays we call it a number, and for writing decimal numbers we just need it.



With addition and subtraction there are no problems


A multiplication works well


In a division only the numerator can be zero and the denominator may never be zero, so

Surprisingly, dividing by zero produces two results

However, zero divided by zero is

Exponentiation is possible, and so

Only zero to the power of zero cannot be calculated, and is determined by definition as

The square root of zero is



In 628, the Indian astronomer Brahmagupta was the first to give rules to compute with zero.

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