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An integral assigns numbers to functions in a way that can describe displacement, area, volume, and other concepts that arise by combining infinitesimal data.



Integration is one of the two main operations of calculus, with its inverse, differentiation. Even for the integration of elementary functions, there exists no simple or general method. Integration requires calculated guesses.



The Swiss mathematician Jakob Bernoulli (1654 - 1705) introduced the term integral.

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