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Standard model

The standard model of particle physics describes the forces and particles that form all matter.

 


Elementary particles

Experiments have shown that this theory is consistent with quantum mechanics and special relativity.

F E R M I O N S B O S O N S
Q u a r k s
u
up
c
charm
t
top
d
down
s
strange
b
bottum
L e p t o n s
e
electron
µ
muon
τ
tau
νe
e neutrino
νµ
µ neutrino
ντ
τ neutrino
G a u g e   b o s o n s
U(1) SU(2) SU(3)
ɣ
foton
Z
boson
g
gluon
W
boson
S c a l a r   b o s o n
H
Higgs

 


History

The Greek physicist Jean Iliopoulos presented the standard model in 1970.


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